Name Posts Releases Charts Socials
Name FRED Source Direct Last Checked
  Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (US)
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Dow Jones & Company
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  University of Michigan
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Council of Economic Advisers (US)
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Office of Management and Budget
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Congressional Budget Office
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Census Bureau
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Department of the Treasury. Fiscal Service
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Haver Analytics
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Reserve Bank of Australia
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Deutsche Bundesbank
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Bank of Italy
Banca d'Italia
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Swiss National Bank
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Federal Housing Finance Agency
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Bank of Japan
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Bank of Mexico
Banco de México
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Freddie Mac
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Automatic Data Processing, Inc.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Wilshire Associates
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Chicago Board Options Exchange
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Employment and Training Administration
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Energy Information Administration
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  National Bureau of Economic Research
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  World Bank
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  National Association of Realtors
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  International Monetary Fund
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 187 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Eurostat
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Federal Highway Administration
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  University of Pennsylvania
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  CredAbility Nonprofit Credit Counseling & Education
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Piger, Jeremy Max
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Weber, Warren E.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Dwyer, Gerald P.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Hafer, R.W.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  GB. Office for National Statistics
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  JP. Cabinet Office
JP. Naikakufu
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Bank of England
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  European Central Bank
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  University of Louisville. Logistics and Distribution Institute
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Baker, Scott R.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Cass Information Systems, Inc.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Anderson, Richard G.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  University of Groningen
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Nikkei Industry Research Institute
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  DiCecio, Riccardo
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Bank for International Settlements
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  University of California, Davis
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  NASDAQ OMX Group
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Federal Open Market Committee
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Equifax
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Chauvet, Marcelle
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Jones, Barry E.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Bloom, Nick
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Davis, Stephen J.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Oklahoma State University
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Department of Labor
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Hamilton, James
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Department of the Treasury. Internal Revenue Service
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Department of the Treasury
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Federal Bureau of Investigation
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Dartmouth Atlas of Healthcare
The Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care is based at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Moody’s
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  DHI Group, Inc.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CDC is one of the major operating components of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Coinbase
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Sahm, Claudia
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Davis, Lance E.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Stettler, H. Louis
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Ice Data Indices, LLC
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Realtor.com
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Lewis, Daniel J.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Mertens, Karel
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Stock, James H.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Ahir, Hites
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Furceri, Davide
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Anbil, Sriya
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Carlson, Mark
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Hanes, Christopher
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Wheelock, David C
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Optimal Blue
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Indeed
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Center for Financial Stability
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Andrew Davidson & Co., Inc.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Aaronson, Daniel
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Hartley, Daniel
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Mazumder, Bhashkar
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Zillow
As the most-visited real estate website in the United States, Zillow and its affiliates offer customers an on-demand experience for selling, buying, renting and financing with transparency and nearly seamless end-to-end service. Zillow Offers buys and sells homes directly in dozens of markets across the country, allowing sellers control over their timeline. Zillow Home Loans, our affiliate lender, provides our customers with an easy option to get pre-approved and secure financing for their next home purchase. Zillow recently launched Zillow Homes, Inc., a licensed brokerage entity, to streamline Zillow Offers transactions. Zillow Group’s brands, affiliates and subsidiaries include Zillow, Zillow Offers, Zillow Premier Agent, Zillow Home Loans, Zillow Closing Services, Zillow Homes, Inc. Trulia, Out East, StreetEasy, HotPads, and ShowingTime.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  American Financial Exchange
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Conference of State Bank Supervisors
CSBS supports state regulators in advancing the system of state financial supervision by ensuring safety, soundness and consumer protection; promoting economic growth; and fostering innovative, responsive supervision. CSBS was organized in 1902 as the National Association of Supervisors of State Banks. In 1971, the name of the organization was changed to the Conference of State Bank Supervisors to better reflect the ongoing nature of CSBS activities. For more than 110 years, CSBS has been uniquely positioned as the only national organization dedicated to protecting and advancing the nation’s dual-banking system.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Indiana University: Indiana Business Research Center
Established in 1925, the Indiana Business Research Center is an integral unit in the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The IBRC maintains databases on numerous topics such as income, employment, taxes, sectors of the economy, education, demographics and a host of other economic indicators for the nation, the state and local areas. In addition, the Center conducts original research to generate needed information when existing data are not available or sufficient.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Jurado, Kyle
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Ludvigson, Sydney C.
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Ng, Serena
Link  Link  2024-02-25
  Ma, Sai
Link  Link  2024-02-25
Name Tables Charts Source
  BIS Effective Exchange Rate Indices
<p><strong>BIS Effective Exchange Rate Indices</strong> has been produced monthly since 1/1/1970 by the <a href="/releases/bis-effective-exchange-rate-indices/source/"><strong>the Bank for International Settlements</strong></a>. Approximately <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/tables/"><strong>407 tables</strong></a> and <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/charts/"><strong>3,837 charts</strong></a> are derived from this release.</p>
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  Annual Estimates of the Population for States and Territories
<p>Static release overview text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.</p>
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  Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties
<p><strong><a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/">Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties</a></strong> is a data release prepared by the <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/data-provider/">US Census Bureau</a> which supplies <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/tables/">dozens of tables</a> and <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/charts/">thousands of charts</a> spanning <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/locations/">thousands of locations</a>. Data for this release is made available on FactPundit courtesy of the <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/data-provider/">Federal Reserve Economic Database (FRED)</a>. Review <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/metrics/">recent observations</a> or <a href="/releases/annual-estimates-of-the-population-for-counties/search/">search this release</a>.</p>
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Static summary up here, which is also the page description/overview for search engines. Released annually since 1/1/1970, this data series illustrates the Resident Population in Hennepin County, MN (Thousands of Persons). This data is derived from the Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties release prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau.
All data releases from the Federal Reserve Economic Database (FRED)
  AD&Co US Mortgage High Yield IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The AD&Co U.S. Mortgage High-Yield Index serves as an informational index and is not for commercial-use purposes. The Index’s accuracy, completeness, timeliness and suitability for any purpose are not guaranteed. The Index does not constitute (1) investment, legal, accounting, tax, or other professional advice or (2) any recommendation or solicitation to purchase, hold, sell, or otherwise deal in any investment. This Index has been prepared for general informational purposes, without consideration of the circumstances or objectives of any particular investor. Any reliance on the Index is at the reader’s sole risk. All investment is subject to numerous risks, known and unknown. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. For investment advice, seek a qualified investment professional. Not for redistribution without permission. Note: An affiliate of Andrew Davidson & Co., Inc. engages in trading activities in investments that may be the same or similar to those featured in the Index.
  ADP National Employment ReportFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Advance Economic IndicatorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Advance Monthly Sales for Retail and Food ServicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The U.S. Census Bureau conducts the Advance Monthly Retail Trade and Food Services Survey to provide an early estimate of monthly sales by kind of business for retail and food service firms located in the United States. Each month, questionnaires are mailed to a probability sample of approximately 4,700 employer firms selected from the larger Monthly Retail Trade Survey. Advance sales estimates are computed using a link relative estimator. For each detailed industry, we compute a ratio of current-to previous month weighted sales using data from units for which we have obtained usable responses for both the current and previous month. For each detailed industry, the advance total sales estimates for the current month is computed by multiplying this ratio by the preliminary sales estimate for the previous month (derived from the larger MRTS) at the appropriate industry level. Total estimates for broader industries are computed as the sum of the detailed industry estimates. The link relative estimate is used because imputation is not performed for most nonrespondents in MARTS. For a limited number of nonresponding companies that have influential effects on the estimates, sales may be estimated based on historical performance of that company. The monthly estimates are benchmarked to the annual survey estimates from the Annual Retail Trade Survey once available. The estimates are adjusted for seasonal variation and holiday and trading day differences. Additional information on MARTS and MRTS can be found on the Census Bureau website at: www.census.gov/retail. Description of the survey as provided by the Census, https://census.gov/retail/marts/www/marts_current.pdf
  Age-Adjusted Premature Death RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Age-adjusted death rates are weighted averages of the age-specific death rates, where the weights represent a fixed population by age. They are used to compare relative mortality risk among groups and over time. An age-adjusted rate represents the rate that would have existed had the age-specific rates of the particular year prevailed in a population whose age distribution was the same as that of the fixed population. Age-adjusted rates should be viewed as relative indexes rather than as direct or actual measures of mortality risk. Premature death rate is the number of deaths where the deceased is younger than 75 years of age, divided by the population, then multiplied by 100,000. 75 years of age is the standard consideration of a premature death according to the CDC's definition of Years of Potential Life Loss. For more information, see FAQs about death rates: https://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/help/cmf.html#Frequently%20Asked%20Questions%20about%20Death%20Rates
  Alternative Measures of Labor Underutilization for StatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  A Millennium of Macroeconomic Data for the UKFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  An Arbitrage-Free Three-Factor Term Structure Model and the Recent Behavior of Long-Term Yields and Distant-Horizon Forward RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
This research reviews a simple three-factor arbitrage-free term structure model estimated by Federal Reserve Board staff and reports results obtained from fitting this model to U.S. Treasury yields since 1990. The model ascribes a large portion of the decline in long-term yields and distant-horizon forward rates since the middle of 2004 to a fall in term premiums. A variant of the model that incorporates inflation data indicates that about two-thirds of the decline in nominal term premiums owes to a fall in real term premiums, but estimated compensation for inflation risk has diminished as well.
  Annual Estimates of the Population for CountiesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Annual Estimates of the Population for the U.S. and States, and for Puerto RicoFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical AreasFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Annual Survey of State Government Tax CollectionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Asia and Pacific Regional Economic OutlookFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
APD Regional Economic Outlook provides information on recent economic developments and prospects for countries in Asia and the Pacific.
  Australian Foreign Exchange TransactionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Average Price DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Banking and Monetary Statistics, 1914-1941FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Contains banking and monetary statistics previously appearing in the Annual Reports of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Reserve Bulletin. Includes data on the condition and operation of all banks as well as statistics on non-bank financial institutions, currency, money rates, securities, consumer credit, gold, and international financial developments.
  Bank of Japan AccountsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Bankstats (Monetary & Financial Statistics)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  BEA Regions Employment and UnemploymentFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  BEA Regions Health Insurance CoverageFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  BEA Regions Housing Units Authorized By Building PermitsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  BIS Effective Exchange Rate IndicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Brave-Butters-Kelley IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth.
  Budget and Economic OutlookFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Burdened HouseholdsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Burdened households are those households who pay 30 percent or more of their household income on housing (such as rent or mortgage expenses). This is calculated as the sum of households with a mortgage spending 30.0-34.9% of their income on selected monthly owner costs, households with a mortgage spending 35.0% or more of their income on selected monthly owner costs, households without a mortgage spending 30.0-34.9% of their income on selected monthly owner costs, households without a mortgage spending 35.0% or more of their income on selected monthly owner costs, households that rent spending 30.0-34.9% of their income on gross rent, and households that rent spending 35.0% or more of their income on gross rent (ACS 5-year variables DP04_0114E, DP04_0115E, DP04_0123E, DP04_0124E, DP04_0141E, and DP04_0142E respectively from table DP04) divided by the sum of the total number of households with a mortgage, the total number of households without a mortgage, and the total number of households that rent (ACS 5-year variables DP04_0110E, DP04_0117E, and DP04_0136E respectively from table DP04). Note that the calculation excludes households where selected monthly owner costs or gross rent cannot be calculated. Selected monthly owner costs are the sum of payments for mortgages, deeds of trust, contracts to purchase, or similar debts on the property (including payments for the first mortgage, second mortgages, home equity loans, and other junior mortgages); real estate taxes; fire, hazard, and flood insurance on the property; utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer); and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). It also includes, where appropriate, the monthly condominium fee for condominiums and mobile home costs (installment loan payments, personal property taxes, site rent, registration fees, and license fees). Gross rent provides information on the monthly housing cost expenses for renters. Gross rent is the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). Gross rent is intended to eliminate differentials that result from varying practices with respect to the inclusion of utilities and fuels as part of the rental payment. The estimated costs of water and sewer, and fuels are reported on a 12-month basis but are converted to monthly figures for the tabulations. Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010-2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011-2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Business Formation StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) are a product of the U.S. Census Bureau developed in research collaboration with economists affiliated with Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of Maryland, and University of Notre Dame. The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) provide timely and high frequency data on business applications and employer business formations. The BFS measure business initiation activity (Business Application Series) as indicated by applications for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) on the IRS Form SS-4. The BFS also provide information on actual and projected employer business formations (Business Formation Series) that originate from these applications, based on the record of first payroll tax liability for an EIN. In addition, the BFS contain measures of delay in business starts as indicated by the average duration between the application for an EIN and the transition to an employer business. The BFS have data starting July 2004 at a monthly frequency. The data are available nationally, by individual states, and by U.S. Census Regions. Data are also available by two-digit NAICS codes for the nation.
  Business Leaders SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Business Leaders Survey is a monthly survey conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York that asks companies across its District – which includes New York State, Northern New Jersey, and Fairfield County, Connecticut – about recent and expected trends in key business indicators. This survey is designed to parallel the Empire State Manufacturing Survey, though it covers a wider geography and the questions are slightly different. Participants from the service sector respond to a questionnaire and report on a variety of indicators' both in terms of recent and expected changes. While January 2014 is the first published report, survey responses date back to September of 2004 and all historical data are available on our website. The survey is sent on the first business day of each month to the same pool of about 150 business executives, usually the president or CEO, in the region's service sector. In a typical month, about 100 responses are received by around the tenth of the month when the survey closes. Respondents come from a wide range of industries outside of the manufacturing sector, with the mix of respondents closely resembling the industry structure of the region. The survey's headline index, general business activity, is a distinct question posed on the survey (as opposed to a composite of responses to other questions). Currently, no indexes are seasonally adjusted since none of the series exhibits stable seasonal patterns from a statistical perspective.
  Cass Freight Index ReportFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  CBOE Market StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Characteristics of Minimum Wage WorkersFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Charge-Off and Delinquency Rates on Loans and Leases at Commercial BanksFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Chicago Fed Advance Retail Trade SummaryFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Chicago Fed Midwest Economy IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Midwest Economy Index (MEI) is a monthly index designed to measure growth in nonfarm business activity in the Seventh Federal Reserve District. It serves as a regional counterpart to the Chicago Fed National Activity Index.
  Chicago Fed Midwest Manufacturing IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Chicago Fed Midwest Manufacturing Index (CFMMI) is a monthly estimate by major industry of manufacturing output in the Seventh Federal Reserve District states of lllinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan and Wisconsin. It is a composite index of 15 manufacturing industries that uses hours worked data to measure monthly changes in regional activity.
  Chicago Fed National Activity IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Chicago Fed National Financial Conditions IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Chicago Fed Survey of Economic ConditionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
What is the Survey of Economic Conditions? Contacts located in the Seventh Federal Reserve District are asked to rate various aspects of economic conditions along a seven-point scale ranging from "large increase" to "large decrease." A series of diffusion indexes summarizing the distribution of responses is then calculated. How are the indexes constructed? Respondents' answers on the seven-point scale are assigned a numeric value ranging from +3 to –3. Each diffusion index is calculated as the difference between the number of respondents with answers above their respective average responses and the number of respondents with answers below their respective average responses, divided by the total number of respondents. The index is then multiplied by 100 so that it ranges from +100 to −100 and will be +100 if every respondent provides an above-average answer and –100 if every respondent provides a below-average answer. Respondents with no prior history of responses are excluded from the calculation. What do the numbers mean? Respondents' respective average answers to a question can be interpreted as representing their historical trends, or long-run averages. Thus, zero index values indicate, on balance, average growth (or a neutral outlook) for activity, hiring, capital spending, and cost pressures. Positive index values indicate above-average growth (or an optimistic outlook) on balance, and negative values indicate below-average growth (or a pessimistic outlook) on balance. Prior to April 2022, the Chicago Fed Survey of Economic Conditions was named the Chicago Fed Survey of Business Conditions (CFSBC). The name change was made to better represent the survey’s aim and base of respondents. The goal of the survey is to assess the state of the economy in the Seventh Federal Reserve District. Moreover, since the beginning of the survey, it was been filled out by both business and nonbusiness contacts.
  Cleveland Financial Stress IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The CFSI is a coincident indicator of systemic stress, where a high value of CFSI indicates high systemic financial stress. Units of CFSI are expressed as standardized differences from the mean (z-scores). The CFSI tracks stress in six types of markets: credit markets, equity markets, foreign exchange markets, funding markets, real estate markets, and securitization markets.
  Coinbase CryptocurrenciesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Coinbase IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Commercial PaperFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Community Bank Sentiment IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Community Bank Sentiment Index is an index derived from quarterly polling of community bankers across the nation. As community bankers answer questions about their outlook on the economy, their answers are analyzed and compiled into a single number. The diffusion index is derived from responses to seven survey questions designed to indicate the direction of change in business conditions, monetary policy, regulatory burden, capital spending, operations expansion, profitability, and franchise value. An index reading of 100 indicates a neutral sentiment, while anything above 100 indicates a positive sentiment, and anything below 100 indicates negative sentiment.
  Construction SpendingFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Consumer Expenditure SurveysFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Consumer Expenditure Surveys (CE) program provides data on expenditures, income, and demographic characteristics of consumers in the United States. CE data are primarily used to revise the relative importance of goods and services in the market basket of the Consumer Price Index. The CE surveys collect data that fall into one of the following major expenditure categories: Alcoholic beverages, Apparel and services, Cash contributions, Education, Entertainment, Food, Healthcare, Housing, Miscellaneous, Personal care products and services, Personal insurance and pensions, Reading, Tobacco products and smoking supplies, and Transportation.
  Consumer Price IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Corporate Bond Yield CurveFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Cotton Production in New EnglandFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Data were gathered by the authors from various textile collections deposited at various museums and libraries on the East Coast, and collected from the original business records of textile mills in New England wherever possible. Preference was given to records that were complete and continuous for long periods, and reasonably intelligible. Reporting techniques differed greatly from mill to mill. To make the data comparable, each mill's output was allocated uniformly over the months covered by the accounting period. The monthly figures were then summed to calendar years. The total cotton production for the region is estimated by adding the production of each individual mill with data available for the given period. More details about the data are available in the book chapter "The New England Textile Industry, 1825-60: Trends and Fluctuations" (https://www.nber.org/chapters/c1569.pdf).
  County Median AgeFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  County Population Estimates By Race And EthnicityFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  County Poverty StatusFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The percentage of population below the poverty level comes from American Community Survey (ACS) variable S1701_C03_001E in table S1701. Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010-2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011-2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  CredAbility Consumer Distress IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Credit to Non-Financial SectorFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
All series on credit to the non-financial sector cover 40 economies, both advanced and emerging. They capture the outstanding amount of credit at the end of the reference quarter. Credit is provided by domestic banks, all other sectors of the economy and non-residents. In terms of financial instruments, credit covers the core debt, defined as loans, debt securities and currency & deposits.
  Currency and Coin ServicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Current Median CPIFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Daily Federal Funds RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Daily Treasury Inflation-Indexed SecuritiesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Debt Securities StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Debt to Gross Domestic Product RatiosFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
These series are constructed using debt, deficit, and nominal GDP series.
  DHI Hiring IndicatorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Disconnected YouthFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Disconnected Youth represents the percentage of youth in a county who are between the ages of 16 and 19, who are not enrolled in school, and who are unemployed or not in the labor force. Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Discount Rate Meeting MinutesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Distributional Financial AccountsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Distributional Financial Accounts (DFAs) provide a quarterly measure of the distribution of U.S. household wealth since 1989, based on a comprehensive integration of disaggregated household-level wealth data with official aggregate wealth measures. The data set contains the level and share of each balance sheet item on the Financial Accounts' household wealth table (Table B.101.h), for each of four percentile groups of wealth: the top 1 percent, the next 9 percent (i.e., 90th to 99th percentile), the next 40 percent (50th to 90th percentile), and the bottom half (below the 50th percentile). The quarterly frequency makes the data useful for studying the business cycle dynamics of wealth concentration--which are typically difficult to observe in lower-frequency data because peaks and troughs often fall between times of measurement. These data will be updated about 10 or 11 weeks after the end of each quarter, making them a timely measure of the distribution of wealth.
  Dow Jones AveragesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  E.2 Survey of Terms of Business LendingFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
These data are collected during the middle month of each quarter and are released in the middle of the succeeding month.
  Economic Policy UncertaintyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Economic Report of the PresidentFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Educational AttainmentFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Education StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Empire State Manufacturing SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Participants from across the state in a variety of industries respond to a questionnaire and report the change in a variety of indicators from the previous month. Respondents also state the likely direction of these same indicators six months ahead. April 2002 is the first report, although survey data date back to July 2001. The survey is sent on the first day of each month to the same pool of about 200 manufacturing executives in New York State, typically the president or CEO. About 100 responses are received. Most are completed by the tenth, although surveys are accepted until the fifteenth.
  Employment Cost IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Employment SituationFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Energy-Related CO2 Emissions by StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  EONIA: Euro Interbank Offered RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The EONIA (European Overnight Index Average) rate is the closing rate for the overnight maturity calculated by collecting data on unsecured overnight lending in the euro area provided by banks belonging to the EONIA panel.
  Equifax Credit QualityFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Reprinted with permission. Copyright © 2016, Equifax. All rights reserved. Reproduction of median credit score per county in any form is prohibited except with the prior written permission of Equifax.
  Euro Short Term RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The euro short-term rate (€STR) reflects the wholesale euro unsecured overnight borrowing costs of banks located in the euro area. The €STR is published on each TARGET2 business day based on transactions conducted and settled on the previous TARGET2 business day (the reporting date “T”) with a maturity date of T+1 which are deemed to have been executed at arm’s length and thus reflect market rates in an unbiased way.
  Existing Home SalesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Failures and Assistance TransactionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Families and Living ArrangementsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  FDIC Quarterly Banking ProfileFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Quarterly Banking Profile is a quarterly publication that provides the earliest comprehensive summary of financial results for all FDIC-insured institutions. See Notes to Users at https://www.fdic.gov/analysis/quarterly-banking-profile/qbp/timeseries/qbpnot.pdf for more information.
  Federal Funds DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Federal Recovery Programs and BEA StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Federal Reserve Board of Governors Labor Market Conditions IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
As of August 3, 2017, updates of the labor market conditions index (LMCI) have been discontinued; the July 7, 2017 vintage is the final estimate from this model. We decided to stop updating the LMCI because we believe it no longer provides a good summary of changes in U.S. labor market conditions. Specifically, model estimates turned out to be more sensitive to the detrending procedure than we had expected, the measurement of some indicators in recent years has changed in ways that significantly degraded their signal content, and including average hourly earnings as an indicator did not provide a meaningful link between labor market conditions and wage growth. The LMCI is derived from a dynamic factor model that extracts the primary common variation from 19 labor market indicators.
  Federal Reserve BulletinFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Financial Access SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Financial Access Survey is the sole source of global supply-side data on financial inclusion, encompassing internationally-comparable basic indicators of financial access and usage. In addition to providing policy makers and researchers with annual geographic and demographic data access on basic consumer financial services worldwide, the survey is the data source for the G-20 Basic Set of Financial Inclusion Indicators endorsed by the G-20 Leaders at the Los Cabos Summit of June 2012.
  Financial and Real Uncertainty IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Financial Soundness IndicatorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Financial Soundness Indicators (FSIs) were developed by the IMF, together with the international community, with the aim of supporting macroprudential analysis and assessing strengths and vulnerabilities of financial systems. The website, hosted by the Statistics Department of the IMF, disseminates data and metadata on selected FSIs provided by participating countries. For a description of the various FSIs, as well as the consolidation basis, consolidation adjustments, and accounting rules followed, please refer to the “Concepts and Definitions” document (http://data.imf.org/?sk=9F855EAE-C765-405E-9C9A-A9DC2C1FEE47). The Statistics Department will steadily increase the number of countries reporting FSIs for dissemination on this site. Reporting countries compile FSI data presented on this website by using different methodologies, which may also vary for different points in time for the same country. Users are advised to consult the accompanying metadata (http://data.imf.org/?sk=9F855EAE-C765-405E-9C9A-A9DC2C1FEE47) to conduct more meaningful cross-country comparisons or to assess the evolution of a given FSI for any of the countries.
  Fiscal Year Budget DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Fixed AssetsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  FOMC Press ReleaseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  FR Y-14M Large Bank Credit Card and Mortgage DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Large Bank Consumer Credit Data are based on FR Y-14M credit card and mortgage data provided by the largest financial institutions in the United States. The respondent panel comprises U.S. bank holding companies, U.S. intermediate holding companies of foreign banking organizations, and covered savings and loan holding companies with $100 billion or more in total consolidated assets. These institutions are required to report credit card or first-lien mortgage data if portfolio balances exceed $5 billion or are material relative to Tier 1 capital. Firms with over $100 billion in total consolidated assets that do not meet these thresholds may also voluntarily provide FR Y-14M data. The reporting provides users with aggregate data on credit card and first-lien mortgages including portfolio composition, credit performance, origination activities, credit card payment behavior, and credit card line utilization. This publication will be released on a quarterly frequency.
  G.13 Selected Interest RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
With the issue dated January 8, 2002 (containing data for December 2001), the Federal Reserve ceased publication of the monthly G.13 statistical release. Monthly interest rates continue to be available on the H.15 release.
  G.17.2 Retail Instalment Credit at Furniture and Household Appliance StoresFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  G.17 Industrial Production and Capacity UtilizationFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  G.19 Consumer CreditFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  G.20 Finance CompaniesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  G.5A Foreign Exchange RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  G.5 Foreign Exchange RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Gasoline and Diesel Fuel UpdateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  GDP-Based Recession Indicator IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
This index measures the probability that the U.S. economy was in a recession during the indicated quarter. It is based on a mathematical description of the way that recessions differ from expansions.
  GDPNowFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The growth rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) is a key indicator of economic activity, but the official estimate is released with a delay. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta's GDPNow forecasting model provides a "nowcast" of the official estimate prior to its release.
  German Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Global Financial DevelopmentFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Gross Domestic ProductFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Gross Domestic Product by County and Metropolitan AreaFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Gross Domestic Product by IndustryFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Gross Domestic Product by StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.10 Foreign Exchange RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.15 Selected Interest RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.3 Aggregate Reserves of Depository Institutions and the Monetary BaseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Board of Governors discontinued the H.3 statistical release on September 17, 2020. For more information, please see the announcement posted on August 20, 2020 (https://www.federalreserve.gov/feeds/h3.html).
  H.3 Aggregate Reserves of Depository Institutions and the Monetary Base (data not included in press release)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Board of Governors discontinued the H.3 statistical release on September 17, 2020. For more information, please see the announcement posted on August 20, 2020 (https://www.federalreserve.gov/feeds/h3.html).
  H.4.1 Factors Affecting Reserve BalancesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.4.1 Factors Affecting Reserve Balances (data not included in press release)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.6 Historical DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.6 Money Stock MeasuresFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  H.8 Assets and Liabilities of Commercial Banks in the United StatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Harmonized Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP) is a measure of inflation that is comparable across all countries in the European Union. The HICP is published for all 12 categories of the European classification of individual consumption according to purpose (ECOICOP) that are covered by the HICP.
  Health Care Satellite AccountFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Health Insurance CoverageFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Historical Overnight AMERIBOR Unsecured Interest RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
AMERIBOR® (American Interbank Offered Rate) is a transparent benchmark interest rate based on overnight unsecured loans transacted on the American Financial Exchange (AFX). AMERIBOR® reflects the actual borrowing costs of thousands of small, medium, and regional banks across America. AMERIBOR® is also useful for larger banks and financial institutions that do business with these banks, as well as small and middle market companies.
  Homeownership RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The homeownership rate is computed by dividing the estimated total population in owner-occupied units by the estimated total population (ACS 5-year variables B25008_002E and B25008_001E from table B25008, respectively). A housing unit is owner-occupied if the owner or co-owner lives in the unit, even if it is mortgaged or not fully paid for. A housing unit is classified as occupied if (i) it is the current place of residence of the person or group of persons living in it at the time of interview or (ii) the occupants are only temporarily absent from the residence for two months or less (e.g., on vacation or a business trip). If all those staying in the unit at the time of the interview plan to stay there for two months or less, the unit is considered to be temporarily occupied and classified as "vacant." Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010-2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011-2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index (NEI) is an alternative to the standard unemployment rate that includes all non-employed individuals and accounts for persistent differences in their labor market attachment. It provides a more comprehensive reading of labor market health and is based on research first published by Richmond Fed economists Andreas Hornstein and Marianna Kudlyak, and McGill University economist Fabian Lange.
  Hours of Wage and Salary Workers on Nonfarm Payrolls by SectorFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Household Debt Service and Financial Obligations RatiosFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  House Price IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Housing Inventory Core MetricsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Housing Units Authorized By Building PermitsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Housing Vacancies and HomeownershipFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  ICE BofA IndicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Income and Poverty in the United StatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Income InequalityFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
This data represents the ratio of mean income for the highest quintile (top 20 percent) of earners divided by the mean income of the lowest quintile (bottom 20 percent) of earners. Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Index of Global Real Economic ActivityFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Industry ProductivityFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Inflation ExpectationsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Interest Rate on Reserve BalancesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Interest Rate SpreadsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  International Comparisons of Annual Labor Force StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  International Comparisons of GDP per Capita and per HourFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  International Comparisons of Manufacturing Productivity and Unit Labor Cost TrendsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  International Financial StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  International Indexes of Consumer PricesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  International Unemployment Rates and Employment IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Italian Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Japan Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Job Openings and Labor Turnover SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Job Postings on IndeedFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Indeed calculates the percentage change in seasonally-adjusted job postings since February 1, 2020, using a 7-day trailing average. February 1, 2020, is the pre-pandemic baseline. Indeed seasonally adjusts each series based on historical patterns in 2017, 2018, and 2019. Each series, including the national trend, occupational sectors, and sub-national geographies, is seasonally adjusted separately. Indeed switched to this new methodology in January 2021 and now reports all historical data using this new methodology. Historical numbers have been revised and may differ significantly from originally reported values. The new methodology applies a detrended seasonal adjustment factor to the percentage change in job postings. Indices are calculated for the U.S., Australia, Canada, Germany, Ireland, France, and the U.K. In addition for the U.S., indices are calculated for states, the largest metro areas by population. For Frequently Asked Questions regarding Indeed Data, visit https://www.hiringlab.org/indeed-data-faq/. Copyrighted: Pre-approval required. Contact Indeed to request permission to use the data at their contact information at https://github.com/hiring-lab/data#readme. End Users are excluded of any warranty and liability on the part of Indeed for the accuracy of the Indeed Data. End Users will refrain from any external distribution of Indeed Data except in oral or written presentations, provided that such portions or derivations are incidental to and supportive of such presentations and, provided further that the End Users shall not distribute or disseminate in such presentations any amount of Indeed Data which could cause such presentations to be susceptible to use substantially as a source of or substitute for Indeed Data. End Users agree to credit Indeed as the source and owner of the Indeed Data when making it available to third parties in any permissible manner as well as in internal use. End Users agree to not sell or otherwise provide the Indeed Data obtained from Licensee to third parties.
  Kansas City Fed Labor Market Conditions IndicatorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Kansas City Fed Labor Market Conditions Indicators (LMCI) are two monthly measures of labor market conditions based on 24 labor market variables. One indicator measures the level of activity in labor markets and the other indicator measures momentum in labor markets. A positive value indicates that labor market conditions are above their long-run average, while a negative value signifies that labor market conditions are below their long-run average.
  Kansas City Financial Stress IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Key ECB Interest RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Labor Force Participation by StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Labor Force Status Flows from the Current Population SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Long-Term U.S. Treasury Securities - Market YieldFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  M2 Own RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  M2 Related SeriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Macroeconomic Uncertainty Index for United StatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Main Economic IndicatorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Manufactured Housing SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Manufacturer's Shipments, Inventories, and Orders (M3) SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Manufacturing and Trade Inventories and SalesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Manufacturing and Trade Inventories and Sales estimates are based on data from three surveys: the Monthly Retail Trade Survey, the Monthly Wholesale Trade Survey, and the Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders Survey. Data for the wholesale and manufacturing sectors are unrevised from the most recent Monthly Wholesale Trade Report and the Full Report on Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories and orders. Data from the Retail sector is revised and presented in more detail from the most recent Advance Economic Indicators Report. For more information on these surveys see the links at: www.census.gov/retail/, www.census.gov/wholesale/, and www.census.gov/manufacturing/m3/. Description of the survey as provided by the Census, https://census.gov/mtis/www/data/pdf/mtis_current.pdf.
  Manufacturing Business Outlook SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey is a monthly survey of manufacturers in the Third Federal Reserve District. Participants indicate the direction of change in overall business activity and in the various measures of activity at their plants: employment, working hours, new and unfilled orders, shipments, inventories, delivery times, prices paid, and prices received. The survey has been conducted each month since May 1968.
  Market Hotness IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Market Value of U.S. Government DebtFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
For many uses, market value more accurately represents the debt burden faced by the U.S. government than the par value. The par value of government debt, which is reported by the U.S. Treasury Department, reflects interest rates at the time the debt was issued while the market value is adjusted to reflect market interest rates as of the observed period. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas researchers calculate the market value of U.S. government debt series.
  Mean Commute TimeFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Mean commuting time is calculated by dividing the aggregate travel time to work for all workers (in minutes) by the total number of workers, 16-years old and older, who commute (ACS 5-year variables B08013_001E from table B08013 and B08012_001E from table B08012, respectively). Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Mean Household Wages Adjusted by Cost of LivingFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Estimated mean household wages in real U.S. Dollars from the American Community Survey adjusted for cost of living using regional price parities from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis' Real Personal Income for States and Metropolitan Areas.
  Metro Area Economic Conditions IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Metropolitan Area Employment and UnemploymentFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Mexican Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Middle East and Central Asia Regional Economic OutlookFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The IMF’s Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD) countries and territories comprise Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, the West Bank and Gaza, and Yemen. More information about forecasting methodology is available at http://data.imf.org/?sk=4CC54C86-F659-4B16-ABF5-FAB77D52D2E6&ss=1390288795525. The base year for constant prices differs by nation. More information is available at https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/co.pdf.
  Minimum Wage Rate by StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Minimum Wage RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Monetary Services Index (MSI)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Money VelocityFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Money Zero Maturity (MZM)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Monthly Housing Affordability IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Monthly Retail Trade and Food ServicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Monthly State Retail SalesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Monthly State Retail Sales (MSRS) is the Census Bureau's experimental data product featuring modeled state-level retail sales. This is a blended data product using Monthly Retail Trade Survey data, administrative data, and third-party data. Year-over-year percent changes are available for Total Retail Sales excluding Nonstore Retailers as well as 11 retail North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) retail subsectors. These data are provided by state and NAICS codes beginning with January 2019. The Census Bureau plans to continue to improve the methodology to be able to publish more data in the future. Users are encouraged to read the overview at https://www.census.gov/retail/mrts/www/statedata/msrs_overview.pdf
  Monthly Treasury Inflation-Indexed SecuritiesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Monthly Treasury StatementFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Monthly Wholesale Trade: Sales and InventoriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Census Bureau conducts the Monthly Wholesale Trade Survey (MWTS) to provide national estimates of monthly sales, end-of-month inventories, and inventories-to-sales ratios by kind of business for wholesale firms located in the United States. Specifically, the MWTS covers wholesale merchants who sell goods on their own account and include such businesses as wholesale merchants or jobbers, industrial distributors, exporters, and importers. Sales offices and branches maintained by manufacturing, refining, or mining firms for the purpose of marketing their products are not covered in this report. Also excluded is NAICS Industry Group 4251: Wholesale Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers. (Description of the survey as provided by the Census, http://www2.census.gov/wholesale/pdf/mwts/currentwhl.pdf)
  Moody's Daily Corporate Bond Yield AveragesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  NASDAQFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations
  National Accounts - GDP (Eurostat)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  National Accounts of JapanFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  National Population EstimatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  National Rates and Rate Caps - Monthly UpdateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Natural Gas Spot and Futures Prices (NYMEX)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Prices are based on delivery at the Henry Hub in Louisiana. Official daily closing prices at 2:30 p.m. from the trading floor of the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) for a specific delivery month.
  NBER Macrohistory DatabaseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Net Migration Flows for Counties and County Equivalents in the United StatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The American Community Survey (ACS) and the Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS) asked members of households whether they lived in the same residence 1 year ago. For people who lived in a different residence, the location of their previous residence is collected. ACS uses a series of monthly samples to produce estimates. Estimates for geographies of population 65,000 or greater are published annually using these monthly samples. Three years of monthly samples are needed to publish estimates for geographies of 20,000 or greater and five years for smaller geographies. The 5-year dataset is used for the county-to-county migration flows since many counties have a population less than 20,000. The first 5-year ACS dataset covers the years 2005 through 2009. Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  New Patent AssignmentsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  New Residential ConstructionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  New Residential SalesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Nikkei IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Nonmanufacturing Business Outlook SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Nonmanufacturing Business Outlook Survey is a monthly survey of nonmanufacturers in the Third Federal Reserve District. Participants indicate the direction of change in overall business activity and in the various measures of activity at their firms, including new orders, sales or revenues, employment, prices, and capital expenditures. Respondents also provide their assessment of general business conditions over the next six months. The survey has been conducted each month since March 2011.
  Number of Exporters and Known Value for All Countries on a State-by-State BasisFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
This release comes from the US Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. This data set contains state-level export data from the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands to their international export partner countries. Each annual dataset displays the number of exporters between each state-country pair and the known value of exports from a state to a country in U.S. dollars.
  Offenses Known to Law EnforcementFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program collects the number of offenses that come to the attention of law enforcement for violent crime and property crime, as well as data regarding clearances of these offenses. In addition, the FBI collects auxiliary information about these offenses (e.g., time of day of burglaries). Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims.
  Optimal Blue Mortgage Market IndicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Optimal Blue Mortgage Market Indices™ (OBMMI™) is calculated from actual locked rates with consumers across over one-third of all mortgage transactions nationwide. OBMMI includes multiple mortgage pricing indices developed around the most popular products and specific borrower and loan level attributes.
  Overnight Bank Funding Rate DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Pandemic Claims Weekly ReportFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Penn World Table 10.01FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Penn World Table 7.1FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Personal Consumption Expenditures by StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Release contains both per capita personal consumption expenditures and personal consumption expenditures by state. This data set also contains sector based data each state.
  Personal Income and OutlaysFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Personal Income by County and Metropolitan AreaFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Personal Income by StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Premature Death RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Premature crude death rate is the number of deaths where the deceased is younger than 75 years of age, divided by the population, then multiplied by 100,000. 75 years of age is the standard consideration of a premature death according to the CDC's definition of Years of Potential Life Loss. For more information, see FAQs about death rates: https://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/help/cmf.html#Frequently%20Asked%20Questions%20about%20Death%20Rates
  Preventable Hospital AdmissionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Discharges for ambulatory care sensitive conditions per 1,000 medicare enrollees.
  Primary Commodity PricesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Benchmark prices which are representative of the global market. They are determined by the largest exporter of a given commodity. Prices are period averages in nominal U.S. dollars. Price indices are based in 2005 (average of 2005 = 100).
  Primary Mortgage Market SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Producer Price IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Productivity and CostsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Quarterly Census of Employment and WagesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Quarterly Financial ReportFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Quarterly National AccountsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Quarterly Retail E-Commerce SalesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Link to the survey provided by the Census https://census.gov/retail/mrts/www/data/pdf/ec_current.pdf
  Quarterly Services SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Quarterly Starts and Completions by Purpose and DesignFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Quarterly Summary of State & Local Tax RevenueFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Quarterly Summary of State and Local Government Tax Revenue provides quarterly estimates of state and local government tax revenue at a national level, as well as detailed tax revenue data for individual states. This quarterly survey has been conducted continuously since 1962. The information contained in this survey is the most current information available on a nationwide basis for government tax collections. For more information about the survey, visit here: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/qtax/about.html A Special Note Concerning Revised Data: Revisions reflect tax collection amounts obtained from three general sources. State and local government respondents have submitted revisions to amounts as originally reported. In other cases, governments have reported data, which we used to replace data that were previously imputed or estimated. Finally, some of the revisions were compiled from government sources, both published and unpublished. For more information, see the survey's methodology here: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/qtax/technical-documentation/methodology.html
  Quarterly Survey of Public PensionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Racial Dissimilarity IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Racial Dissimilarity Index measures the percentage of a group's population in a county that would have to move Census tracts for each tract in the county to have the same percentage of that group as the whole county. Originally developed by Jahn, Schmid and Schrag [1947]. More information on measures of segregation can be found at https://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/2958220 Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010–2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011–2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Real Money Stock MeasuresFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Real Personal Income for States and Metropolitan AreasFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
This release contains regional data for States, Metropolitan Portion of States, Nonmetropolitan Portion of States, and Metropolitan Areas. The indicators in this data release include Real Personal Income, Real Per Capita Personal Income, Regional Price Parities, and Implicit Price Deflator.
  Real Trade-Weighted Value of the Dollar by U.S. StateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
These indexes calculate the inflation-adjusted value of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of countries to which the state exports. The real exchange rates are aggregated across countries for each state using the annual average export share to the country. For the most recent year where export share data is not available, the prior year' number is used instead. The indexes should allow analysts to more precisely identify the exchange rate movements that most affect demand for a state's exports. For more information visit http://www.dallasfed.org/research/econdata/rtwvd.cfm.
  Recession Indicators SeriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
These time series are an interpretation of US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions data provided by The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) at http://www.nber.org/cycles/cyclesmain.html and Organisation of Economic Development (OECD) Composite Leading Indicators: Reference Turning Points and Component Series data provided by the OECD at http://www.oecd.org/std/leading-indicators/oecdcompositeleadingindicatorsreferenceturningpointsandcomponentseries.htm. Our time series are composed of dummy variables that represent periods of expansion and recession. The NBER identifies months and quarters, while the OECD identifies months, of turning points without designating a date within the period that turning points occurred. The dummy variable adopts an arbitrary convention that the turning point occurred at a specific date within the period. The arbitrary convention does not reflect any judgment on this issue by the NBER's Business Cycle Dating Committee or the OECD. A value of 1 is a recessionary period, while a value of 0 is an expansionary period. The recession shading data that we provide initially comes from the source as a list of dates that are either an economic peak or trough. We interpret dates into recession shading data using one of three arbitrary methods. All of our recession shading data is available using all three interpretations. The period between a peak and trough is always shaded as a recession. The peak and trough are collectively extrema. Depending on the application, the extrema, both individually and collectively, may be included in the recession period in whole or in part. In situations where a portion of a period is included in the recession, the whole period is deemed to be included in the recession period. The first interpretation, known as the midpoint method, is to show a recession from the midpoint of the peak through the midpoint of the trough for monthly and quarterly data. For daily data, the recession begins on the 15th of the month of the peak and ends on the 15th of the month of the trough. Daily data is a disaggregation of monthly data. For monthly and quarterly data, the entire peak and trough periods are included in the recession shading. This method shows the maximum number of periods as a recession for monthly and quarterly data. The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis uses this method in its own publications. The second interpretation, known as the trough method, is to show a recession from the period following the peak through the trough (i.e. the peak is not included in the recession shading, but the trough is). For daily data, the recession begins on the first day of the first month following the peak and ends on the last day of the month of the trough. Daily data is a disaggregation of monthly data. The trough method is used when displaying data on FRED graphs. The third interpretation, known as the peak method, is to show a recession from the period of the peak to the trough (i.e. the peak is included in the recession shading, but the trough is not). For daily data, the recession begins on the first day of the month of the peak and ends on the last day of the month preceding the trough. Daily data is a disaggregation of monthly data.
  Reports of Condition and Income for All Insured U.S. Commercial BanksFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Research Consumer Price IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The BLS calculates a research price index called the Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 years of age and older, or R-CPI-E. The R-CPI-E is used by those interested in measures of price change specifically based on the spending patterns of the elderly (as defined in the construction of this index). Official uses of the R-CPI-E have been considered by other government agencies but not implemented due to several limitations. These limitations must be considered and understood by potential users of the data, and any conclusions drawn from these analyses should be treated as tentative. See the https://www.bls.gov/cpi/research-series/r-cpi-e-home.htm from more information.
  Residential Vacancies and Homeownership Annual StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Sahm Rule Recession IndicatorFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Sahm Rule identifies signals related to the start of a recession when the three-month moving average of the national unemployment rate (U3) rises by 0.50 percentage points or more relative to its low during the previous 12 months.
  Seasonal Credit RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Seasonal Factors for Domestic Auto and Truck ProductionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Secured Overnight Financing Rate DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Selected Property Price SeriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
These selected series have been rebased and are presented at a quarterly frequency and updated on a quarterly basis; where the frequency of the series collected is monthly, the quarterly data are calculated as the average of the monthly observations. In addition to the nominal price series, and their growth rates, the data set includes CPI-deflated versions of the series (and their growth rates).
  Selected Real Retail Sales SeriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Senior Credit Officer Opinion Survey on Dealer Financing TermsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Senior Credit Officer Opinion Survey on Dealer Financing Terms (SCOOS) is a quarterly survey providing information about the availability and terms of credit in securities financing and over-the counter (OTC) derivatives markets, which are important conduits for leverage in the financial system. The participating institutions account for most of the dealer financing of dollar-denominated securities to non-dealers and are the most active intermediaries in OTC derivatives markets. The survey is directed to senior credit officers responsible for maintaining a consolidated perspective on the management of credit risks. For further information, please refer to the SCOOS release at the Board of Governor’s website: www.federalreserve.gov/data/scoos.htm IMPORTANT: Although the raw data series are constructed as counts for each offered response to a survey question, the data are intended to be viewed as grouped by question, rather than by individual responses. We recommend that it be accessed through the below release table for appropriate context.
  Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey on Bank Lending PracticesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey on Bank Lending Practices release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/SnLoanSurvey/.
  Service Annual SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Single Parent Households with ChildrenFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The single-parent household rate is calculated as the sum of male and female single-parent households with their own children who are younger than 18-years of age divided by total households with their own children who are younger than 18-years of age (ACS 5-year variables S1101_C03_005E, S1101_C04_005E, and S1101_C01_005E respectively from table S1101). Multiyear estimates from the American Community Survey (ACS) are "period" estimates derived from a data sample collected over a period of time, as opposed to "point-in-time" estimates such as those from past decennial censuses. ACS 5-year estimate includes data collected over a 60-month period. The date of the data is the end of the 5-year period. For example, a value dated 2014 represents data from 2010 to 2014. However, they do not describe any specific day, month, or year within that time period. Multiyear estimates require some considerations that single-year estimates do not. For example, multiyear estimates released in consecutive years consist mostly of overlapping years and shared data. The 2010-2014 ACS 5-year estimates share sample data from 2011 through 2014 with the 2011-2015 ACS 5-year estimates. Because of this overlap, users should use extreme caution in making comparisons with consecutive years of multiyear estimates. Please see "Section 3: Understanding and Using ACS Single-Year and Multiyear Estimates" on publication page 13 (file page 19) of the 2018 ACS General Handbook for a more thorough clarification. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/acs/acs_general_handbook_2018.pdf
  Small Area Income and Poverty EstimatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) are produced for school districts, counties, and states. The main objective of this program is to provide updated estimates of income and poverty statistics for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of federal funds to local jurisdictions. These estimates combine data from administrative records, postcensal population estimates, and the decennial census with direct estimates from the American Community Survey to provide consistent and reliable single-year estimates. These model-based single-year estimates are more reflective of current conditions than multi-year survey estimates.
  SOFR Averages and Index DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
As an extension of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR), the SOFR Averages are compounded averages of the SOFR over rolling 30-, 90-, and 180-calendar day periods. The SOFR Index measures the cumulative impact of compounding the SOFR on a unit of investment over time, with the initial value set to 1 on April 2, 2018, the first value date of the SOFR. The SOFR Index value reflects the effect of compounding the SOFR each business day and allows the calculation of compounded SOFR averages over custom time periods.
  SOI Tax Stats - Historical Data TablesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  SONIA Interest Rate BenchmarkFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
SONIA is a measure of the rate at which interest is paid on sterling short-term wholesale funds in circumstances where credit, liquidity and other risks are minimal. On each London business day, SONIA is measured as the trimmed mean, rounded to four decimal places, of interest rates paid on eligible sterling denominated deposit transactions. The trimmed mean is calculated as the volume-weighted mean rate, based on the central 50 per cent of the volume-weighted distribution of rates.
  S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller Home Price IndicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Spliced Oil PriceFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Spliced Oil Price release was created by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis to expand the history of the monthly West Texas Intermediate oil price series in FRED. We simply combined these two FRED series: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/OILPRICE and https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MCOILWTICO. From January 1946 through July 2013, the series used is OILPRICE. From August 2013 to present, the series used is MCOILWTICO.
  Spot PricesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Standard & PoorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, and EarningsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) produces all of the unadjusted series in this release. The BLS only produces a selection of seasonally adjusted data; the remaining series are adjusted by The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Users of these data will find details of the adjustment method and which institution made the adjustment in the series notes.
  State Coincident IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  State Employment and UnemploymentFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  State Leading IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The leading index for each state predicts the six-month growth rate of the state’s coincident index. In addition to the coincident index, the models include other variables that lead the economy: state-level housing permits (1 to 4 units), state initial unemployment insurance claims, delivery times from the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) manufacturing survey, and the interest rate spread between the 10-year Treasury bond and the 3-month Treasury bill.
  State Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims ReportFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Sticky Price CPIFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Sticky Wages and Sectoral Labor ComovementFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  St. Louis Bi-Weekly Reserves and Monetary BaseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  St. Louis Fed Economic News IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  St. Louis Fed Financial Stress IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
To obtain detailed information regarding the construction of the St. Louis Financial Stress Index, please see the online appendix at https://files.stlouisfed.org/files/htdocs/publications/net/NETJan2010Appendix.pdf
  St. Louis Fed Price Pressures MeasuresFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  St. Louis Monthly Reserves and Monetary BaseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  St. Louis Weekly Reserves and Monetary BaseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Economic OutlookFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Economic Outlook provides information on recent economic developments and prospects for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Data for the REO for Sub-Saharan Africa is prepared in conjunction with the semi-annual World Economic Outlook exercises, spring and fall. Data are consistent with the projections underlying the WEO. REO aggregate data may differ from WEO aggregates due to differences in group membership. Composite data for country groups are weighted averages of data for individual countries. Arithmetic weighted averages are used for all concepts except for inflation and broad money, for which geometric averages are used. PPP GDP weights from the WEO database are used for the aggregation of real GDP growth, real non-oil GDP growth, real per capita GDP growth, investment, national savings, broad money, claims on the nonfinancial private sector, and real and nominal effective exchange rates. Aggregates for other concepts are weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates.
  Summary Measures of the Foreign Exchange Value of the DollarFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Summary of Economic ProjectionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Supplemental Estimates, Motor VehiclesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Supplemental Estimates, Underlying Detail TablesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Supplemental Estimates, Underlying Detail Tables, Spliced SeriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Survey of Business UncertaintyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Survey of Secondary Market Prices and Yields, and Interest Rates for Home LoansFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Surveys of ConsumersFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Swiss Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Swiss National Bank Historical Time SeriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The series in this release are historical data updated on an infrequent basis. More details about the definitions of the series can be found at http://www.snb.ch/en/mmr/reference/banken_book/source.
  Swiss National Bank Monthly Statistical BulletinFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Tech PulseFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Tech Pulse Index is a coincidence index of activity in the U.S. information technology sector. The index interpreted as the health of the tech sector. The indicators used to compute the index include investment in IT goods, consumption of personal computers and software, employment in the IT sector, industrial production of the technology sector, and shipments by the technology sector. For further information, please visit the Tech Pulse webpage at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco at: https://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2009/january/tech-pulse-index/.
  Temporary Open Market OperationsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Texas Employment DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Texas Manufacturing Outlook SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey (TMOS) is a monthly survey of area manufacturers. Firm executives report on how business conditions have changed for a number of indicators, such as production, new orders, employment, prices and company outlook. Respondents are also asked to report on how they perceive broader economic conditions to have changed (general business activity). For all questions, participants are asked whether the indicator has increased, decreased or remained unchanged. Answers cover changes over the previous month and expectations for activity six months into the future. Participants are given the opportunity to submit comments on current issues that may be affecting their business.
  Texas Retail Outlook SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Texas Retail Outlook Survey (TROS) is a monthly survey of area service sector businesses, specifically retail businesses. Firm executives report on how business conditions have changed for a number of indicators such as revenue, employment, prices and company outlook. Respondents are also asked to report on how they perceive broader economic conditions to have changed (general business activity). For all questions, participants are asked whether the indicator has increased, decreased or remained unchanged. Answers cover changes over the previous month and expectations for activity six months into the future. Participants are given the opportunity to submit comments on current issues that may be affecting their business. About 230 service-providing firms regularly participate in TSSOS, which began collecting data in January 2007. Respondents are broadly representative of service-producing industries in the private sector. TSSOS includes a breakout for respondents in the retail and wholesale sectors, called the Texas Retail Outlook Survey (TROS). TSSOS questionnaires are electronically transmitted to respondents in the middle of each month, and answers are collected over seven business days. TROS respondents receive a slightly different questionnaire, but the survey period and processing is the same. The service sector makes up the bulk of the Texas economy, accounting for 59 percent of private-sector activity and employing close to 7 million workers. Retailers and wholesalers make up 12 percent of Texas output and account for 1.6 million jobs. Despite the service sector's prominence, there are few timely measures of changes in service sector activity at the state level. TSSOS fills this regional data gap. TSSOS and its retail component, TROS, are highly correlated with monthly changes in regional economic indicators such as private service sector employment, retail employment and retail sales (see related article below).
  Texas Service Sector Outlook SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey (TSSOS) is a monthly survey of area service sector businesses. Firm executives report on how business conditions have changed for a number of indicators such as revenue, employment, prices and company outlook. Respondents are also asked to report on how they perceive broader economic conditions to have changed (general business activity). For all questions, participants are asked whether the indicator has increased, decreased or remained unchanged. Answers cover changes over the previous month and expectations for activity six months into the future. Participants are given the opportunity to submit comments on current issues that may be affecting their business. About 230 service-providing firms regularly participate in TSSOS, which began collecting data in January 2007. Respondents are broadly representative of service-producing industries in the private sector. TSSOS includes a breakout for respondents in the retail and wholesale sectors, called the Texas Retail Outlook Survey (TROS). TSSOS questionnaires are electronically transmitted to respondents in the middle of each month, and answers are collected over seven business days. TROS respondents receive a slightly different questionnaire, but the survey period and processing is the same. The service sector makes up the bulk of the Texas economy, accounting for 59 percent of private-sector activity and employing close to 7 million workers. Retailers and wholesalers make up 12 percent of Texas output and account for 1.6 million jobs. Despite the service sector's prominence, there are few timely measures of changes in service sector activity at the state level. TSSOS fills this regional data gap. TSSOS and its retail component, TROS, are highly correlated with monthly changes in regional economic indicators such as private service sector employment, retail employment and retail sales (see related article below).
  The Effects of the 1930s HOLC "Redlining" MapsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The authors study the effects of the 1930s-era HOLC "redlining" maps on the long-run trajectories of neighborhoods. They calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.
  The Federal Reserve System's Weekly Balance Sheet Since 1914FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Total EnergyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
U.S. total energy production, prices, carbon dioxide emissions, and consumption of energy from all sources by sector.
  Total Factor Productivity for Major IndustriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Transitional Euro Country Exchange RatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Transportation Services Index and Seasonally-Adjusted Transportation DataFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Travel Volume TrendsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Treasury BulletinFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation RateFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Trimmed Mean PCE inflation rate is an alternative measure of core inflation in the price index for personal consumption expenditures (PCE). It is calculated by staff at the Dallas Fed, using data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).
  Turkish Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Underlying Inflation Gauge (UIG)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Underlying Inflation Gauge is a monthly estimate of trend inflation released by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. There are two measures of trend inflation constructed from a dynamic factor model of the consumer price index series and several macroeconomic and financial variables. For more information, see the following link: https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/policy/underlying-inflation-gauge
  Unemployment in States and Local Areas (all other areas)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Local Area Unemployment Statistics release include monthly and annual-average estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed people, and unemployment rates for different geographies. These data are based on the Current Population Survey (CPS), the household survey that is the source of the national unemployment rate. For more details, see the frequently asked questions here: https://www.bls.gov/lau/laufaq.htm.
  Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims ReportFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  United Kingdom Main Aggregates of National AccountsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  University of Louisville and Oklahoma State University: LoDI National IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The LoDI Index uses linear regression analysis to combine cargo volume data from rail, barge, air, and truck transit, along with various economic factors. The resulting indicator is designed to predict upcoming changes in the level of logistics and distribution activity in the US and is represented by a value between 1 and 100. An index at or above 50 represents a healthy level of activity in the industry The Greater Louisville and National LoDI Indices were developed by researchers at the University of Louisville. Please contact Dr. Heragu ([email protected]), now IE&M Department Head at Oklahoma State University, or Dr. DePuy ([email protected]) for additional information.
  U.S. Foreign Exchange InterventionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. Granted Patents by States, Territories, and CountriesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Patent origin is determined by the residence of the first-named inventor. Patents granted are further broken down by utility, plant, design, and reissue patents. Utility patents are patents for invention. A plant patent is granted by the United States government to an inventor (or the inventor's heirs or assigns) who has invented or discovered and asexually reproduced a distinct and new variety of plant, other than a tuber propagated plant or a plant found in an uncultivated state. A design consists of the visual ornamental characteristics embodied in, or applied to, an article of manufacture. Since a design is manifested in appearance, the subject matter of a design patent application may relate to the configuration or shape of an article, to the surface ornamentation applied to an article, or to the combination of configuration and surface ornamentation. A design for surface ornamentation is inseparable from the article to which it is applied and cannot exist alone. It must be a definite pattern of surface ornamentation, applied to an article of manufacture. A reissue application is filed to correct an error in the patent, where, as a result of the error, the patent is deemed wholly or partly inoperative or invalid. An error in the patent arises out of an error in conduct which was made in the preparation and/or prosecution of the application which became the patent. For more information on patent types, see https://www.uspto.gov/patents/basics/types-patent-applications. For more information on the data, see https://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/brochure.htm.
  U.S. Granted Utility Patents by Counties and CBSAsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
Utility patents are patents for invention. Patent origin is determined by the residence of the first-named inventor. For more information on patent types, see https://www.uspto.gov/patents/basics/types-patent-applications. For more information on CBSA data, see https://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/cls_cbsa/explan_cls_cbsa.htm. For more information on county data, see https://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/countyall/explan_countyall.htm.
  U.S. Import and Export Price IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. International Investment PositionFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. International Trade in Goods and ServicesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. International TransactionsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. Recession ProbabilitiesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. Trade in Goods by State, by NAICS-Based ProductFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  U.S. Treasury-Owned GoldFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Wage Growth TrackerFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Atlanta Fed's Wage Growth Tracker is a measure of the nominal wage growth of individuals. It is constructed using microdata from the Current Population Survey (CPS), and is the median percent change in the hourly wage of individuals observed 12 months apart. For more details about this release from the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, visit their Wage Growth Tracker webpage (https://www.atlantafed.org/chcs/wage-growth-tracker?panel=2).
  Wall Street JournalFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Weekly and Hourly Earnings from the Current Population SurveyFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The earnings data are collected from one-quarter of the Current Population Survey CPS monthly sample and are limited to wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded. Most series pertain to workers who usually work full time on their sole or primary job. Earnings data are available for all workers, with data available by age, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, occupation, usual full- or part-time status, educational attainment, and other characteristics.
  Weekly Business Formation StatisticsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) are an experimental data product of the U.S. Census Bureau developed in research collaboration with economists affiliated with Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of Maryland, and University of Notre Dame. The BFS provide timely and high frequency information on new business applications and formations in the United States. The BFS data cover Employer Identification Number (EIN) applications made in the United States, including those associated with starting a new employer business. EINs are IDs used by business entities for tax purposes. Data are available as both nationwide and individual states' statistics. The Business Application Series contain 4 filtered series of EIN applications, measuring selected groupings based on a variety of factors: business applications, high-propensity business applications, business applications with planned wages, and business applications from corporations.
  Weekly Economic Index (Lewis-Mertens-Stock)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The WEI is an index of real economic activity using timely and relevant high-frequency data. It represents the common component of ten different daily and weekly series covering consumer behavior, the labor market, and production. The WEI is scaled to the four-quarter GDP growth rate; for example, if the WEI reads -2 percent and the current level of the WEI persists for an entire quarter, we would expect, on average, GDP that quarter to be 2 percent lower than a year previously. The WEI is a composite of 10 weekly economic indicators: Redbook same-store sales, Rasmussen Consumer Index, new claims for unemployment insurance, continued claims for unemployment insurance, adjusted income/employment tax withholdings (from Booth Financial Consulting), railroad traffic originated (from the Association of American Railroads), the American Staffing Association Staffing Index, steel production, wholesale sales of gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel, and weekly average US electricity load (with the remaining data supplied by Haver Analytics). All series are represented as year-over-year percentage changes. These series are combined into a single index of weekly economic activity. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Lewis, Mertens, and Stock (2020), “U.S. Economic Activity during the Early Weeks of the SARS-Cov-2 Outbreak.” at https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr920. This index has been developed by Daniel Lewis, an economist in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Karel Mertens, a senior economic policy advisor at the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, and James Stock, the Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy, Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University. The index is not an official forecast of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, its president, the Federal Reserve System, or the Federal Open Market Committee.
  Weekly Financial Statements of the EurosystemFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Weekly Treasury Inflation-Indexed SecuritiesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Weekly U.S. and State Bond Prices, 1855-1865FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The data collection consists of weekly observations of bond prices for U.S. and state bonds from January 1855 through November 1865. The data are drawn from the “Notes on the Money Market” section of The Bankers’ Magazine and Statistical Register; due to limitations of the magazine, The New York Times’ summary of daily trading on the New York Stock Exchange was used to complete each series in the best possible manner. For a more thorough explanation of the collection as well as how it is understood in a historical context, see: Dwyer, G.P, Jr., R.W. Hafer and W.E. Weber. (1999) “Weekly U.S. and State Bond Prices, 1855-1865,” Historical Methods (32:1): 37-42.
  Western Hemisphere Regional Economic OutlookFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  Wilshire IndexesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
  World Development IndicatorsFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The primary World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially-recognized international sources. It presents the most current and accurate global development data available, and includes national, regional and global estimates.
  World Economic OutlookFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The World Economic Outlook (WEO) database is created during the biannual WEO exercise, which begins in January and June of each year and results in the April and September WEO publication. Selected series from the publication are available in a database format. See also, the World Economic Outlook Reports (http://www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=29).
  World Uncertainty IndexFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The World Uncertainty Index is computed by counting the percent of word "uncertain" (or its variant) in the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) country reports. The WUI is then rescaled by multiplying by 1,000,000. A higher number means higher uncertainty and vice versa. For example, an index of 200 corresponds to the word uncertainty accounting for 0.02 percent of all words, which—given the EIU reports are on average about 10,000 words long—means about 2 words per report. Similarly, the World Pandemic Uncertainty Index is constructed by counting the percent of times uncertainty is mentioned within a proximity to a word related to pandemics, while the index of discussion about pandemics is constructed by counting the percent of times a word related to pandemics is mentioned in the EIU country reports, and then are re-scaled by multiplying by 1,000.
  Z.1 Financial Accounts of the United StatesFRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
The Financial Accounts (formerly known as the Flow of Funds accounts) are a set of financial accounts used to track the sources and uses of funds by sector. They are a component of a system of macroeconomic accounts including the National Income and Product accounts (NIPA) and balance of payments accounts, all of which serve as a comprehensive set of information on the economy’s performance.(1) Some important inferences that can be drawn from the Financial accounts are the financial strength of a given sector, new economic trends, changes in the composition of wealth, and development of new financial instruments over time.(1) Sectors are compiled into three categories: households, nonfinancial businesses, and banks. The sources of funds for a sector are its internal funds (savings from income after consumption) and external funds (loans from banks and other financial intermediaries). (1) Funds for a given sector are used for its investments in physical and financial assets. Dividing sources and uses of funds into two categories helps the staff of the Federal Reserve System pay particular attention to external sources of funds and financial uses of funds.(2) One example is whether households are borrowing more from banks—or in other words, whether household debt is rising. Another example might be whether banks are using more of their funds to provide loans to consumers. Transactions within a sector are not shown in the accounts; however, transactions between sectors are.(2) Monitoring the external flows of funds provides insights into a sector’s health and the performance of the economy as a whole. Data for the Financial accounts are compiled from a large number of reports and publications, including regulatory reports such as those submitted by banks, tax filings, and surveys conducted by the Federal Reserve System.(2) The Financial accounts are published quarterly as a set of tables in the Federal Reserve’s Z.1 statistical release. (1) Teplin, Albert M. “The U.S. Flow of Funds Accounts and Their Uses.” Federal Reserve Bulletin, July 2001; http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/bulletin/2001/0701lead.pdf. (2) Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. “Guide to the Flow of Funds Accounts.” 2000, http://www.federalreserve.gov/apps/fof/.
  Zillow Home Value Index (ZHVI)FRED      Release Direct      2024-02-25  
One of Zillow’s most cited metrics is ZHVI, the Zillow Home Value Index. It tells us the typical home value in a given geography (metro area, city, ZIP code, etc.), now and over time.
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